Acne scars are one of the cruelest jokes of dealing with acne: first you get acne and have the red and irritated skin to show all the world, then you have lingering marks on your face that never seem to heal on their own. Fortunately, there are options for acne scar treatment, and were going to look at several.
Lets consider what causes the scars. As acne bacteria infects, it ultimately breaks through clogged pores and goes deeper into your skin, pushing debris from the surface to the dermis. The body identifies this as an invading foreign object, and inflames the skin as it destroys the invader.
This causes wounding to the outer layer, and when the body heals, it sends an excess of collagen to repair the breach. As with any other scar, this results in an unsightly upper layer that lingers far after the infection itself is dealt with.
Once the acne has healed and the scar remains, it will not worsen on its own. At the same timeneither will it heal. There are a few treatments you can do on your own that can correct minor scarring, and for more advanced cases you will want a dermatologists assistance.
Note: before undergoing any kind of acne scar treatment, you should first be sure that youve dealt with any active acne. Otherwise, you risk a future infection triggering another wave of scarring.
The best over-the-counter options include alpha hydroxy, retin-A, and glygolic acid. Each of these work in a different fashion, like so:
a. Alpha-hydroxy acid: firms up the outer layer of skin, triggering collagen growth in an even pattern rather than the excess levels in scars.
b. Retin-A: has a number of proven health benefits for skin, including collagen promotion and as a direct anti-acne bacteria agent.
c. Glycolic acid: dissolves the outer layer of skin, giving you a form of dermabrasion without needing an experts care. This will cause the new outer layer of skin to appear younger and more even, and can slowly dissolve scars.
Note that only some of thee are considered truly over the counter. Retin-A creams are typically only available with a prescription, though you can get retinol-based ones in many mmoisturizersand the likethough not quite as effective, retinol is a worthy substitute. Glycolic acid is used in face peals and is a gray area for self-administrationif you are comfortable using it on yourself, you can order it online, though you will not find it on store shelves.
Those treatments are all available to you in one way or the other by direct purchase and application by yourself. Unfortunately, they will not handle all levels of acne scarsfor more pronounced scars, consider the services of a ddermatologist
Without getting into the specifics, typical dermatologist treatments include lasers, microdermabrasions, chemical peels, and punch techniques.